Sapphires are a variety of the mineral corundum as are the equally famous and valuable Rubies. Rubies make up the red side of the family while Sapphires are all the other colors – the famous blue as well as pink, green, purple, orange and yellow. There are also black and colorless Sapphires. The traditional blue sapphire represents loyalty, wisdom, truth, sincerity and faithfulness both in religious matters and in personal relationships. So Corundum is a kind of gemstone that changes its names according to its colour. Sri Lanka is the oldest known source of sapphires along with India and Burma (now called Myanmar). As of 2007, Madagascar has been leading the world in sapphire production, though Sri Lanka continues to be the only steady producer of fine quality blue sapphire. Sapphire is the birthstone of September.
Fire Agate is a variety of Chalcedony, a mineral of the Quartz family. It has a translucent deep reddish-brown base, with flashes of orange, red, green and gold that appears as living flames within the gem. The flecks of different colours appear like flames thus the name Fire Agate. Its iridescent colours are caused by light interference on thin layers of iron oxide or limonite crystals within the Chalcedony. Fire Agate is found in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, in the desert and mountain ranges that characterize the topography of this part of North America.